(02) 9316 5666
16/ 133-137 BEAUCHAMP ROAD MATRAVILLE NSW 2036
Timber stain is a product which imparts pigment into the pores of the timber rather than creating a film on top of the timber. Wood stain is designed to add colour to the substrate of the timber, while leaving the substrate mostly visible. Final coating is applied afterwards.
In principle, stains do not provide a surface coating or film. However, because the binders are from the same class of film-forming binders that are used in paints and varnishes, some build-up of film occurs.
Most wood stains for interior use require further application of finish for protection and gloss. Applying a stain can be very easy or very difficult, depending on the type of substrate and type of the stain. Aged wood absorbs stains relatively well. Porosity of wood can vary greatly, even within the same species of wood. End grain and bias-cut grain are far more abosorptive, thus will absorb pigment and will darken considerably in those areas. Wood from different species of trees can have huge variations in how well they take a stain.
Stains that are fast drying will be difficult to apply in hot weather, or in direct sunlight. Stains that are slow drying will be difficult to work with in damp and cold conditions, due to a greatly lengthened evaporation and curing period. New lumber, such as pine, can have wax like sealants put on at the mill, which prevents proper staining. Stripping or sanding the surface may then be required.
Many households have two different species of timber in one room and try to match it will dry colour, unfortunately 100 % match is not possible due to each species absorbing the stain differently, even if you apply the same stain colour on both.
When staining floors, we work with individual needs and prepare custom made colours for each client. We then prepare sample swatches directly on their floor, to show how each stain will look like in a bigger area and also to allow for colour variation in each stain.